IOM defines fraud as a misrepresentation or concealment of material facts with intent to deceive and obtain unauthorized benefit. It involves deliberate and deceptive acts, such as forgery of any document, with intent to obtain benefits, such as money, property or services. Misrepresentation could be false presentation concealment, or nondisclosure but does not include expressing an opinion.
But what does this mean?
This means that if you commit fraud, you intentionally take or gain resources (money, property, services) for your personal benefit, even if such resources were not authorized by the IOM.
Fraud involves deliberate and deceptive acts.
- Theft and stealing
- Fraudulent statements (for example, intentionally forging a document)
- Misuse of property
The types of fraud listed above are not complete –similar inappropriate actions are also considered fraud. Learn more about categories of fraud in Instruction 70 (IN/70) (hyperlink).
What counts as Fraud? Here are a few real-life examples about fraud cases that have happened at IOM and resulted in disciplinary measures.
- Staff member forged emails and documents in order to obtain a visa
- Staff member submitted the same travel claim twice
- Staff member took money from IOM without authorization (e.g. from the IOM safe, from petty cash, withdrawal using IOM credit card) for personal benefit
- Staff member did not return a large amount of cash entrusted to him for official purposes
- Staff member received money from IOM’s beneficiaries in his personal bank account
- Staff member stole money from another staff member
Is it fraud or misuse of resources?
If there is no deception or misrepresentation, it may be a case of abuse or misuse of assets but not fraud (hyperlink to misuse of assets). For example, untruthful statement by a staff member for obtaining allowances or benefits purely by mistake, without intention to deceive the Organization, is not fraud but constitutes grounds for severe disciplinary measures.
This can be hard to differentiate. Remember that reporting is done in good faith, it is better to be … report actions